The knee joint is one of the largest joints in the human body. It connects the tibia, femur, and patella.
The knee joint is stabilized by four main ligaments: the anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, and the collateral ligaments (medial and lateral). The menisci, including the medial and lateral menisci, are also important structures of the knee joint.
The knee joint is susceptible to various injuries and overuse. Symptoms of knee joint problems may include pain, stiffness, difficulty in movement, swelling, reduced range of motion, crepitus, and instability. The most common knee joint conditions include osteoarthritis, ligament injuries, meniscal tears, and cartilage damage.
The primary diagnostic method for knee joint conditions is a physical examination, including range of motion, muscle strength, stability, and meniscal tests. Additionally, imaging tests such as X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and sometimes computed tomography (CT) scans may be used.
The treatment of knee joint conditions depends on the cause and severity of the disease. In the case of degenerative conditions, pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medications, physiotherapy, and muscle-strengthening exercises are used. In some cases, surgical treatments such as arthroscopy or knee arthroplasty may be necessary. In the case of traumatic injuries to the knee, physiotherapy or surgical treatment such as arthroscopic meniscus repair or ligament reconstruction may be required.
At MIRAI, the following individual specializes in the knee area:
Tomasz Szymański – material development for the website
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